National monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of adaptation measures the progress towards adaptation in a country.
- Monitoring is the systematic and continuous collection of information that enables stakeholders to check whether an intervention is on track or achieving set objectives.
- Evaluation is a systematic assessment of the worth or utility of an intervention at a specific point in time, for example whether a policy has been effective in achieving set objectives.
By designing and implementing M&E systems as part of the NAP process countries can strengthen their accountability and reporting of adaptation actions, as well as gain insights into which are working and which aren’t, so they can adjust accordingly.
There is no one-size-fits-all approach to national M&E of adaptation. Experience shows that decision makers in different countries have chosen very different approaches depending on the specific context of implementation.