Vertical integration is the process of creating intentional and strategic linkages between national and sub-national adaptation planning, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation (M&E).
Integrating climate change adaptation across different levels of government is one of the main objectives of the NAP process. Vertical integration is not a single step in the NAP process—it is an ongoing effort to ensure that local realities are reflected in the NAP, and that the NAP enables adaptation at sub-national levels, including the local level. It is enabled by institutional arrangements, information sharing, capacity development, and financing for actors at all levels.
Vertical integration in the NAP process. (Click to enlarge).